Ceo jobs which involve overseeing, organizing, delegating, directing, and appointing authorities are crucial to the general operation of the company or organization. Even in the past, management in its simplest and earliest form began with the need for survival even in the tribe or village where activities had to be coordinated and directed. In fact, civilization could not have grown to its present level of complexity without the planning and organizing which involved in effective management. The growth from village to city and from city-state to nation was brought about by leaders who are managing agricultural, trade, religious, military, government, and educational organizations. In fact, there were some of the earliest examples of written documents in the early years that had to do with the management of business and commerce. Moreover, accumulation of vast amounts of wealth necessitated effective record-keeping of taxes, trade agreements, laws, and rights of ownership require a top management team. As interpreters and administrators of religious and secular law, priests became first managers and executives in business and religious matters. Usually too, they were very influential as advisors to the rulers of a country. The technological advances created by the Industrial Revolution brought about the need for a distinct class of managers. The management came out of the need for skilled, trained managers to organize and operate complex factory systems. Also, the divided efforts of specialized workers in factories had to be managed and coordinated.
Likewise, as businesses began to diversify their product production, industries became so complex that the administration of production had to be decentralized. Even the authoritarian type of manager faded with the expanded scope of managers and the transition to the emerging professional manager took place. In the 1920s large corporations began organizing their growth around decentralized administration with centralized policy control. Individual and group dynamics were incorporated into management practices as human relations studies showed the importance of employee attitudes and behavior for the overall productivity of a company. Hence, the emergence of the concept of chief executive officer had come into view which also requires a superb skills in both inter and intra personal relationships with the employees while performing a top management level functions. Much of the progress and success of the scientific management movement in the twentieth century can be attributed to the programs of professional management associations and educational institutions. They provided a forum for the exchange and evaluation of creative management ideas and technical innovations. Eventually, these management concepts spread from manufacturing and production to office, personnel, marketing, and financial functions; and from private industry to government, education, and health services. Hence, the positions of cio jobs or chief operating officer, as well as cfo or known to be the chief financial officer had also come to its view. Moreover, in recent decades management philosophy has incorporated even more humanistic attitudes toward personnel - the underlying assumption is that employees control their own activities because of a commitment to the goals of the company. Today, management is more oriented toward results than toward activities, a philosophy that recognizes individual differences in styles of working and functioning.
With emphasis on the organizational level of functions the corporate president or chief executive officer, executive vice president for sales and marketing, department store manager, college president, school superintendent, and city manager - are examples of general managers and top executives who formulate the policies and direct the operations of private firms and government agencies, schools, and hospitals. They all handle the top management job of their respective organizations. The president establishes an organization's goals and policies along with other top executives, usually the chief executive officer, executive vice-presidents, and the board of directors. Top executives plan business objectives and develop policies to coordinate operations between divisions and department s and establish procedures for attaining objectives. Activity reports and financial statements are reviewed to determine progress and revise operations as needed. The president also directs and formulates funding for new and existing programs within the organization. Public relations plays a big part in the lives of top executives as they deal with executives and leaders from other countries or organizations, and with customers, employees, and various special interest groups. Although the president or chief executive officer retains ultimate authority and responsibility, the chief operating officer may be the one to oversee the day-to-day operations of the company. Other duties may include serving as chairman of committees, such as management, executive, engineering, or sales.
Furthermore, having a chief officer operating jobs, the executive vice president directs and coordinates the activities of one or more departments, depending on the size of the organization. In very large organizations, the duties of executive vice president may be highly specialized, for example, they may oversee the activities general managers of marketing, sales promotion, purchasing, finance, personnel training, industrial relations, administrative services, data processing, property management, transportation, or legal services. In smaller organizations, an executive vice president might be responsible for a number of these departments. Executive vice presidents also assist the chief executive officer in formulating and administering the organization's policies and developing its long-range goals. Also, executive vice presidents may serve as members of management committees on special studies and field of assignments. Indeed, top management job is the main driving force of the company in order to attain its goal and vision.